Anchored on this premise, this paper aimed to identify the aesthetics of satire in Merlinda Bobis' Banana Heart Summer. It also sought to unveil the novel's. In her lush, luminous debut novel, Merlinda Bobis creates a dazzling feast for all the senses. Richly imagined, gloriously written, Banana Heart Summer is an incandescent tale of food, family, and longing—at once a love letter to mothers and daughters and a lively celebration of. written, Banana Heart Summer is an incandescent tale of food, family, and banana heart; in the tantalizing scent of Manolito, the heartthrob of.

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Get this from a library! Banana heart summer: a novel. [Merlinda C Bobis]. Banana Heart Summer - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. Poet Bobis serves up compassion and tenderness Banana Heart Summer: A Novel by [Bobis, Merlinda].

I must be envy of her past and her siblings but all I can do for now is to concentrate and read the story of Merlinda Bobis while she travels her own character to Bicol, where two Gods meet face-to-face with the powerful power of food and passion from her book Banana Heart Summer. After reading this book, I must be dreaming eating Atchara, a Philippines condiment cooked from pickled papaya and usually served as a side dish. Every time Inday fried or grilled a fish, chicken or a pork, she always served pickled papaya to increase our appetite.

Cooking a delicious papaya pickled a person must have the power to supply the joy and sadness of the local delicacy, from chopping, boiling up to preparing the pickled papaya to be exiled in a sealed container. Like the life of Nenita, a 12 year old girl who quit school to sustain the needs of her family.

She ventured to the one way street of there town looking for job and met people whom she enjoyed and loved until their last breath. She enjoyed cooking like the other girls, she enjoyed every movement, every gesture and every meaning of every sound she heard.

From the bubbling hot oil that she experienced and heard the sound of joy. She must be parallel to atchara, from the day she was born and prepared for the development of her life, the vegetables and the fruits that nurture her and the vinegar who gives sourness. Slicing every ingredients to be prepared, slicing native onion is like sadness, sadness that will never be forgotten from the first touch to the last little piece of large sliced onions.

Squeezing the sap of ginger and the papaya, makes you suffer of body pain from working day and night. The smell of the boiling solution of salt, vinegar and ginger sap makes you dizzy and fall from every trap that appears at your side and lastly, the mixing of fresh ingredients like fresh memories and the sourness of the vinegar solution creating a balance taste of a perfect side dish, atchara. A Filipino delicacy that will be never forget by the person who first sinned by the apple.

This book was like a straight line, no humps, no curves not even a small dirt of pen can bent. While reading this book, I must confess that the book was lack of what we call climax and rising action. Form and structure as employed in this paper refers to the principle that determines how the work is ordered and organized.

Food in the novel is the primary trope in the defamiliarization techniques the researcher employed to identify and trace the cultural and socio-political journey of the setting of the novel.

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Likewise, the reality frame yielded through the deciphered societal problems was discussed to reveal the identity of the community in the novel. This study therefore was based on this premise. The researcher intended to unravel the literary devices used to reveal the themes of the stories focused on the Filipinos in general and Bicolanos in particular.

It was also undertaken to reveal the Philippine societal problems that can be identified in the novels using the aesthetics of satire thereby revealing its socio-cultural aspects. Finally, the 25 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research researcher sought to propose the Filipino and Bicolano types of satire based from the discerned reality frames of the said novel. Specifically, the method involved content analysis with the use of satire in the novel as the main contention of this paper. This content analysis focused on the thematic interpretation through the aesthetics of satire, humor, sarcasm, ridicule, hyperbole, and similar literary conceits to point out the societal issues and problems in the novel.

Some technical devices in defamiliarization such as magic realism and social realism were also used to decipher the objects of satire. The novel offers awareness of the different types of poverty and issues brought along by the socio-historical and political problems where acceptance and forgiveness still prevail.

Overview of the Novel Set in the summer of s, the novel has Nenita as its main character. Nenita believes in the myth of banana heart which she believed could to appease the hunger of her family as told by Nana Dora herself.

Banana Heart Summer

Maring beats Nenita even for a simple mistake which Nining considers as 26 International Peer Reviewed Journal a sign of her lihi as she is conceiving her seventh child. She moves out of the tiny attic filled with seven other sleeping bodies to begin working as a maid for the Valenzuela family.

Ralph Mckenna, the American friend of Ms. Valenzuela, offers to marry Miss VV. They take Nining to America where she grows up and learns that there is no secret ingredient to obtaining acceptance, affection or answers—she can only try to forgive.

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The tropes in the novel As part of her aesthetics, Bobis uses trope in this novel. Trope or figurative thought is defined in The Columbia Dictionary of Modern Literary and Cultural Criticism as the usage that diverges from the norm.

As one of the tropes used in the novel, food takes the role of expressing norms of the characters and the community as a whole. According to Mojares , a complex story can be told from the meals in Philippine history. Citing Fernandez saying that cooking does not happen in midair or by whim, Mojares asserts that this story exists in real time and place, since it is shaped by real persons and occasions.

Food is ever-present throughout Banana Heart Summer as it plays an important cultural and psychological role in the story. Food is used as a subject-matter set against the background of love as a human emotion. The novel explores what hunger is in the social context. Accordingly, Hefner describes hunger as that which we all experience. Each of the stories begins sweetly only to be edged with bitterness towards the end of the novel.

The transitions in these stories should not be viewed entirely without sorrow; instead, they must be seen as an inevitable growth as characters begin to approach understanding of their lives. For Nenita, everything has a flavor and every flavor has its purpose. Bitterness holds as much importance as its counterpart.

However, it is in the mixing of the two that our deepest longings are confronted. To quote the narrator: -because hunger is always unsightly. We see it in someone else and instinctively we grab at our stomachs, then quickly withdraw our hands, knowing we have betrayed ourselves p. The idea comes into her thoughts after her mother beats her, and her father keeps his silence as he always does, more likely after he lost his job. The palitaw, or the floated one, carries a similar impression with those who eat it, such as the floating faith of Tiya Coring, the mother of Basilio Profundo.

In the text, palitaw is likened to faith, as seen in the following excerpt: faith always floats, keeps us afloat. As it is in swimming, so it is in cooking, so it is in falling in love. Faith is too 28 International Peer Reviewed Journal light to stay down, and it smells. Further, this part of the novel describes that floating faith makes us brave and endure consequences.

Dignity is also explained as may be lean but more filling than faith. In addition, the narrator states that the heart of the matter offends the palate, and when it does not offend, it scares. This is similar to how each person lives and pretends as somebody else or has made-up identity. The art of preserving is likened to the preparation and preservation of the taste of acharra, or preserved shredded and soaked green papayas in vinegar.

For example, Maria Corazon Alano is described based on the speculations of the narrator as having an experiment of her new version of preserving domestic harmony. Without leaving, she can be single again, a maiden, a girl. The sense of old self can be recovered and preserved, where it had been adultered or diminished p.

The strange synthesis of cookery, tales, and of human interaction is the dominant metaphorical theme of the novel, which, categorically speaking, appeals more to the intellect rather than to the senses. This appeal can be discerned amid the strewn metaphors that frequently appear in the novel.

The novel also attempts to establish a literary continuity between food preparation, consumption, and human relations and to present the facets of human relationships that can be explained creatively and understood in terms of food. Characters The characters in the first novel are semi-pathetic individuals seeking and aiming for hope, love, and acceptance. The narrator, both the year-old Nining and the forty-year-old Nenita, longs for maternal love and acceptance, and after 29 years of working abroad, she longs for her country and hometown.

Her mother, Marina and father Gable are also trying hard to find their proper places and responsibility for their children. Gable, is said to have his tongue eaten by the devil, hence his silence on whatever occurs in the house. Another character, Nana Dora, the cook, relies on some myths to sustain her hope of having her husband Tasyo back.

Her husband left her because she failed to give him a child.

She falls in love and gets pregnant by a married man. Ralph Mckenna is an American who is old enough to be Ms.

Basilio is outsmarted by Mang Gusting, a married man, who is helplessly trapped in a marriage with Tiya Asun, who finds liberty in the delicacies that she prepares, making twists in the recipes and ingredients but with a deeper purpose of wanting to keep her marriage alive. Though the richest in the town, Manolito seems unhappy having busy parents, Mr. The family of Mang Anding is considered the poorest in their street.

After losing his job during a volcanic eruption, his wife being ill while his twins 30 International Peer Reviewed Journal have nothing to eat, he commits suicide.

Later in the novel, Nining learns that Boy Hapon is an ordinary person just like her, the twins Chichi and Bebet and the other folks in the neighborhood and inside his hut is collection of romance pocketbooks. Critically speaking, one can say that every character, in general, aims for his or her particular desires.

The novel presents each of them as being unsatisfied with what he or she has. The characters expect for something. Structure and Style In this paper, structure refers to the presentation of the story. It is the manner by which the author presents the chronology of events. It was when she heard of the myth of the banana heart and decided to get hold of it. Nenita enumerates her townsfolk and describes each character while revealing how these characters are interrelated.

In so doing, she vividly describes every dish representing each character and the manner of preparing it.

Such can be discerned from the following excerpts: -to hold her tightly at night, whispering over and over again, I love you Maring, I love you. Then a baby always arrived from the armpit p. The narrator also talks about falling in love at a very young age. She describes her ability and inability to understand things as a child. Two guavas, two guavas, she said swallowing a fresh burst of giggles.

I looked up. My cheeks were on fire. Was it a fruit of a vegetable? Of course I love my own? Even today, it takes great effort to believe myself p. I could climb any tree at my time p. That summer I was twelve, lihi made sense. Today, twenty years later, 32 International Peer Reviewed Journal and so far away from home, I understand and I forgive p.

Theme In the book, material poverty coexists alongside spiritual poverty. The novel depicts an aching need for acceptance and love in the lives of those who live on Remedios Street during that summer. Undeniably, most characters are individuals who are eternally searching for inner peace. The nourishment of body and soul is the most sought-after idea in the novel as the narrator and other characters long for satisfaction and fulfilment of their desires. Tone Tone or intonation refers to the expression of a literary speaker towards his reader or listener.

Abrams discusses tone further in the following statements: The tone of a speech can be described as critical or approving, formal or intimate, outspoken or reticent, solemn or playful, arrogant or prayerful, angry or loving, serious or ironic, condescending or obsequious, and so on through numberless possible nuances of relationship and attitude both to object and auditor.

The satires are evident in the use of various metaphors throughout the narrative; these metaphors sounds loving but have serious meaning that requires readers to understand the undertones more deeply. The author also resorts to writing on serious subjects in lighter tone making the readers feel light rather than bored or scared.

Mother screamed. Junior giggled. I must admit I was confused when I overheard something about teeth, as they shuffled cards. I asked my mistress. Violeta Valenzuela could not answer. Her face was torn between laughter and guilt, neither of which I understood. Loose morals. She could not enlighten me about my confused consonants. She searched my face for any sign of accusation. Hunger may cause people to be greedy and at the same disrespectful.

The issue of talking about others behind their back while playing cards is inherent in the barrio folks. The aesthetics of satire in the novel What is satire? Satire is a form of literature, which, according to Hornedo, is just like ode, lyric, panegyric, elegy, lampoon, caricature, comedy, tragedy, and romance.

A satire primarily seeks to ridicule or criticize any subject, idea, institution or mankind in general. However, the satirist also seeks to expose some representative vices that are considered threat or harmful in the society. In addition, a satire aims to point out human behavior that is despicable and hence, needs to be changed. The goal of a satire can be either destruction or reform but mainly for the general benefit or betterment of humanity as a whole.

In general, there are two identified satirical styles—direct and indirect. A direct satire is that which is directly stated; an indirect one is communicated or 34 International Peer Reviewed Journal implied through characters in a situation.

The two well-known types of satire are the Horatian, described as intended for fun which is light-hearted, and the Juvenalian, the bitter, attacking and angry in nature. Beckson and Ganz explain that the treatment and attitude rather than the subject matter mark the presence of satire.

Satire in Merlinda Bobis’ Banana Heart Summer

Satirical techniques and devices There is a variety of satirical techniques and devices which can be used to comment on or criticize a particular subject or character. Some of them are irony, hyperbole, paradox, palindrome, oxymoron, magic realism and social realism. In addition to these, defamiliarization is also a technical satirical device like tropes and conceits. As a technique, defamiliarization uses devices like tropes, metaphors, magic realism, and social realism to present ideas in an unfamiliar artistic form purposively to stimulate fresh perception.

As applied in literature, defamiliarization works in three levels: language, content, and literary forms. Needless to say, the entire novel applies these three levels. The following are the various satirical tropes readers can identify in the novel. For clarity, they are presented according to type: 1. Exaggeration Exaggeration aims to represent something beyond the ordinary and make it appear ridiculous so that the readers can identify the subjected flaws of the individual or society as a whole.

Under exaggeration are caricature and burlesque. The former exaggerates physical features or traits while the latter deals with the exaggeration of style through language or action. Hyperbole and farce may also 35 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research be classified under this type since both utilize exaggeration through language and situations.

In my heart I knew that her family felt it too- the esophagus lengthening, I mean.In addition to these, defamiliarization is also a technical satirical device like tropes and conceits. Specifically, Nenita shifts to this: Bobis skillfully and purposefully weaves cookery with such sequence of events in the neighborhood among the townsfolk. Bobis, M.

Essays in Filipino cognitive history. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or existing list; or delete some items. A satire primarily seeks to ridicule or criticize any subject, idea, institution or mankind in general.